The United Nations was established on October 24, 1945. It replaced the defunct League of Nations which was founded on January 10, 1920, as a result of the Paris Peace Conference that ended WWI. As noble and genuine as its intentions were, it failed to prevent WWII. Now the United Nations has four locations, with the formidable headquarters being located in a complex in New York City. This location contains the seats of the principal organs of the UN, including the General Assembly and Security Council. It’s here where world social security is debated.
The other three additional, subsidiary, regional headquarters or headquarters districts are scattered across the globe. The newest and fourth United Nations headquarters was established in Nairobi, Kenya in 2011. It’s located across the street from the US Embassy and next to beautiful Karura Forest. The third location is in Vienna, Austria. The Vienna International Centre (VIC), commonly known as “UNO City,” was opened in 1979.
The second largest United Nations building (UNOG) is located in Geneva, Switzerland where its housed in the Palais des Nations building. They focus on international peace, human rights, disarmament, and disaster response. I believe there are 192 flags hanging at the entrance of UNOG.
While visiting Switzerland, I had a chance to see the United Nations building and was amazed at its massive size. With more than 1,600 staff, it is the biggest duty stations outside of United Nations headquarters in New York. If you like, you can take a tour of the building for CHF 12 per person.
Another captivating sight is the university grounds. The University of Geneva was founded in 1559 by John Calvin, an influential French theologian, as a theological seminary and law school. In 1873, it dropped its religious affiliations and officially became a secular school. This institute is now Switzerland’s second largest university with 16,000 students representing more than 140 different nationalities.
The university grounds in Parc des Bastions, or Bastions Park, are extremely lush and home to one of its most famous landmarks, the Reformation Wall. As its name suggests, it’s a monument to the Reformation. It honors many of the prominent individuals, events, and documents of the Protestant Reformation by depicting them in statues and bas-reliefs.
The Reformation Wall was constructed from 1909 – 1917 to commemorate the 400th birthday of John Calvin. It’s 325 feet long and 30 feet high. The main statue shown above features William Farel (1489–1565), John Calvin (1509–1564), Theodore Beza (1519–1605), and John Knox (1513–1572). These statues are approximately 15 feet tall.
On each side of the main statue are three individual statues about 9 feet tall, that feature other Calvinism’s main proponents. To the left are William the Silent (1533 – 1584), Gaspard de Coligny (1519–1572), and Frederick William of Brandenburg (1620 – 1688). To the right are Roger Williams (1603–1684), Oliver Cromwell (1599–1658), and Stephen Bocskay (1557–1607).
Roger Williams (1603–1684) I was mesmerized by the sheer size and presence each figure emanated. A kind of solace permeated the area that could tangibly be felt.
Oliver Cromwell (1599–1658) On both sides of the central statues are a plethora of engraving. Most of the engravings are written in Latin, so I had to look up the translation. Chiseled are the mottos of both the Reformation and Geneva: Post Tenebras Lux (Latin for After darkness, light). On the central statues’ pedestal is engraved a Christogram: ΙΗΣ.
Theodore Beza (1519–1605) The grounds are also home to other statues, giant chess boards, gorgeous flowers, and a laid back ambience. We spent several hours here soaking in all the treasures Geneva has to offer. What a beautiful park; I hope I can wander through it again some day.
Geneva is recognized as a global city where high finance and diplomacy are the norms. Geneva ranks 9th worldwide as the most important financial center, so there’s lots of money floating through their veins. Half the city speaks German, and the other half French, but most of the residents speak English if needed.
Geneva is also a great base if you want to take excursions and day tours to Mont Blanc, Chamonix, Montreux, or across the lake to France. It’s a fast-paced city with a picture perfect setting. I love Geneva.